Further reading and teacher resources

Online Resources

CBC Digital Archives, “Influenza: Battling The Last Great Virus”

Capital Health, “Pandemic Influenza”

Cambridge Infectious Diseases – a web portal to fun games about diseases and pandemics from Cambridge University.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “1918 Pandemic (H1N1 Virus)”

Defining Moments Canada, “Spanish Flu 101”.

Going Viral: The Mother of all Pandemics. A series of podcasts on the history and science of the 1918 pandemic and pandemics generally, and the former’s importance to prevention today. 

Public Health Agency of Canada, “Flu (influenza): Pandemic flu

The College of New Jersey, “Plague, Progress and Prevention: 100 Years after the ‘Spanish’ Flu Changed the World” Video gallery of oral histories related to the pandemic.

The Economist, “The Centenary of the 20th Century’s worst catastrophe”, September 29, 2018.

UK Department of Health, “The Flu Pandemic Game: A business continuity training resource for healthcare and related organizations”, June 2009.

WBUR, “A Key Lesson from the 1918 Flu Pandemic? ‘Tell the Truth,’ One Historian Says”, Interview with John M. Barry, December 20, 2017.

Sharon Adams, “War and the Spanish Flu”, Legion Magazine, September 28, 2018.

Patricia G. Bailey, “Pandemic”, The Canadian Encyclopedia, 11 March 2018, Historica Canada.

John M. Barry, “How the Horrific 1918 Flu Spread Across America”, Smithsonian Magazine, November 2017.

Susan Goldenberg, “Killer Flu”, Canada’s History, September 11, 2018.

Mark Osborne Humphries, “The Horror at Home: The Canadian Military and the ‘Great’ Influenza Pandemic of 1918”, Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, 16:1 (2005): 235-260

Aaron Larter & Joanne McCarthy O’Leary, “How to Dodge ‘Flu’: Halifax’s response to the Spanish Influenza pandemic, October, 1918.”

Alanna Mitchell, “The Outbreak and Its Aftermath: The little-known story of the 1918 Spanish Flu and how we’re preparing for the next great pandemic”, Canadian Geographic,  August 23, 2018.

Rachel Nuwer, “What if a deadly influenza pandemic broke out today?”, BBC Future, November 22, 2018.

Craig T. Palmer, “’Boats, Trains and Immunity’: The Spread of the Spanish Flu on the Island of Newfoundland”, Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, 22: 2 (2007).

Alexandra Pope, “Canadian Geographic looks back at the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918”, Canadian Geographic, August 9, 2018.

Linda Quiney, “’Filling the Gaps’: Canadian Volunteer Nurses, the 1917 Halifax Explosion and the Influenza Epidemic of 1918”, Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, 2:19 (2002): 351-373.

Steven Schwinghamer,  “Lawlor’s Island Survey”, Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21.


2018 National Immunization Poster Contest, National Runner-up (Bilingual)

2018 National Immunization Poster Contest, National Runner-up (Bilingual)

Designed by Frédérique Boeck, La Prélude, Ottawa, for Immunize Canada.

Other Resources

John M. Barry, The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books, 2005.

Ian Arthur Cameron, M.D., Quarantine, What is Old is New: Halifax and the Lawlor’s Island Quarantine Station, 1866-1938. Halifax: New World Publishing, 2007.

Mark Osborne Humphries, The Last Plague: Spanish Influenza and the Politics of Public Health in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.

Gina Bari Kolata, Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus that Caused It. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Gabriel LeBlanc, Mon Isle Madame – Une histoire acadienne. Caraquet, NB : Les Éditions de la Francophonie, 2017.

Allan E. Marble, “The Impact of the Spanish Influenza Pandemic on Nova Scotia”, unpublished chapter forthcoming in A History of Medicine and Social Conditions in Nova Scotia, 1868-1960.

Laura Spinney, Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How it Changed the World.  New York: Public Affairs, 2018.

Gloria Stephens, “1918 Influenza Epidemic 100 Years Since: Could it Happen Again?” Victoria General Hospital School of Nursing Alumni Newsletter, (February 2018):3-4.